SHOPPING NON GMO
By GreenpeaceGenetically Modified Ingredients Overview
Here is a summary of what crops, foods and food ingredients have been genetically modified as of July, 2007:
Currently Commercialized GM Crops in the U.S.:
(Number in parentheses represents the estimated percent that is genetically modified.)
Hawaiian papaya (more than 50%)
Alfalfa, zucchini and yellow squash (small amount)
Tobacco (Quest® brand)Other Sources of GMOs:
* Dairy products from cows injected with rbGH.
* Food additives, enzymes, flavorings, and processing agents, including the sweetener aspartame (NutraSweet®) and rennet used to make hard cheeses
* Meat, eggs, and dairy products from animals that have eaten GM feed
* Honey and bee pollen that may have GM sources of pollen
* Contamination or pollination caused by GM seeds or pollen
Some of the Ingredients That May Be Genetically Modified:
Vegetable oil, vegetable fat and margarines (made with soy, corn, cottonseed, and/or canola)
Ingredients derived from soybeans: Soy flour, soy protein, soy isolates, soy isoflavones, soy lecithin, vegetable proteins, textured vegetable protein (TVP), tofu, tamari, tempeh, and soy protein supplements.
Ingredients derived from corn: Corn flour, corn gluten, corn masa, corn starch, corn syrup, cornmeal, and High-Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS).
Some Food Additives May Also Be Derived From GM Sources:
The list may change as we encounter new information: ascorbic acid/ascorbate (Vitamin C), cellulose, citric acid, cobalamin (vitamin B12), cyclodextrin, cystein, dextrin, dextrose, diacetyl, fructose (especially crystalline fructose), glucose, glutamate, glutamic acid, gluten, glycerides (mono- and diglycerides), glycerol, glycerol, glycerine, glycine, hemicellulose, , hydrogenated starch hydrolates, hydrolyzed vegetable protein or starch, inositol, invert sugar or inverse syrup, (also may be listed as inversol or colorose), lactic acid, lactoflavin, lecithin, leucine, lysine, maltose, maltitol, maltodextrin, mannitol, methylcellulose, milo starch, modified food starch, monooleate, mono- and diglycerides, monosodium glutamate (MSG), oleic acid, phenylalanine, phytic acid, riboflavin (Vitamin B2) sorbitol, stearic acid, threonine, tocopherol (Vitamin E), trehalose, xanthan gum, and zein.Some of the Foods That May Contain GM Ingredients:
Hamburgers and hotdogs
Baking powder (sometimes contains corn starch)
Powdered/Confectioner's sugar (often contains corn starch)
Vanilla extract (sometimes contains corn syrup)
White vinegarNon-Food Items That May Contain GM Ingredients:
Bubble bathReference Sources for "Genetically Modified Ingredients Overview:
Natural Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, US Department of Agriculture: Acreage. Available at: http://www.thecampaign.org/Acre-06-30-2006.pdf
Cornell Cooperative Extension, GEO-PIE (Genetically Engineered Organisms Public Issues Education) Project. http://www.geo-pie.cornell.edu/crops/ingredients.html
Ruth Winter , A Consumer's Dictionary of Food Additives: Descriptions in plain English of more than 12,000 ingredients both harmful and desirable found in foods, 6th ed. (New York: Three Rivers Press, 2004).
Robert S. Igoe , The Dictionary of Food Ingredients, 2nd ed. (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1989).
Research Triangle Institute, "Economic Characterization of the Dietary Supplement Industry" March 1999. Available at: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~acrobat/ds-econ.pdf
Codex General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA) Online Database of the World Health Organization(WHO) Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) of the United Nations and the reports of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). Available at: http://www.codexalimentarius.n...additives/index.html
The University of Maryland Medical Center database of supplements by name: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/Cons...ups/Supplements.html
Archives of the Agricultural Research Service of the USDA: http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/AR/archive/
Reports of the European Commission Scientific Committee for Food: http://ec.europa.eu/food/fs/sc/scf/reports_en.html
U.S. National Institute of Health (NIH) PubMed Central (PMC): http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/
Also consulted the following industry sites:http://www.corn.org/web/bioprod.htmhttp://www.confectionerynews.c...anisco-xylitol-sugarhttp://www.grainprocessing.com/food/malinfo.htmlhttp://www.cargillfoods.com/pd...teners.pdf/ca198.pdf
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